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Community Demographic Information FAQ

Crime | Education | Quality of Life | Weather | Ethnicity | Household | Employment | Consumer


Crime Rate

How is the crime rate index actually calculated? Index scores for an area are compared to the national average of 100. A score of 200 indicates twice the national average total crime risk, while 50 indicates half the national risk. Risk indexes are useful in that they level the playing field in terms of the size of the location and the number of persons living in it, but they should not be relied on as your only source of data. We encourage you to consult with a knowledgeable local real estate agent or contact the local police department for any additional information regarding crime levels in areas of interest. The Federal Bureau of Investigation also provides some valuable information on the pitfalls of rankings. Click link for details: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/ucr-statistics-their-proper-use

Is there a source for additional research on crime in the U.S.? The U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation's Criminal Justice Information Service Division, provides information on crime in the United States via their Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. Click link for details: http://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/crimestats

What is an Index Score? An "Index Score" for an area is compared to the national average of 100. A score of 200 indicates twice the national average total crime risk, while 50 indicates half the national risk. We encourage you to consult with a knowledgeable local real estate agent or contact the local police department for any additional information.

Education

What is the Education Index? The Education Index for Zip Codes and places are comprised of a combination of socio-demographic characteristics. These index scores are not based statistically upon the performance of specific schools, programs or colleges located in these areas.

What does "The highest education level attained" data represents? The data represents the percentage of people in the area over age 25 who have attained a particular education level.

What is the criteria for education enrollment? A school or district that is directly funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (formerly Bureau of Indian Affairs), U.S. Department of the Interior.

What is an Index Score? An "Index Score" for an area is compared to the national average of 100. A score of 200 indicates twice the national average, while 50 indicates half the national average.

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Quality of Life

What is the quality of life index? Based on the results of a study group, this index is calculated based on what variables affect individuals as they search for a new home, how much they would enjoy living in a place and the impact of each selected variable. For example, the crime index affects the total quality of life index negatively and the amusement index affects it positively.

What are the positive variables weighted for the quality of life index? Amusement, Culture, Education, Medical, Religion, Restaurants and Weather.

What are the negative variables weighted for the quality of life index? Crime, Earthquake and Mortality.

What is an Index Score? An "Index Score" for an area is compared to the national average of 100. A score of 200 indicates twice the national average, while 50 indicates half the national average.

Weather

How are the annual Heating Degree Days (HDD) determined? A form of Degree Day used to estimate energy requirements for heating. Typically, heating degree days are calculated as how much colder the mean temperature at a location is than 65°F on a given day. For example, if a location experiences a mean temperature of 55°F on a certain day, there were 10 HDD that day because 65 - 55 = 10, according to the National Weather Service.

How are the annual Cooling Degree Days (CDD) determined? A form of Degree Day used to estimate energy requirements for air conditioning or refrigeration. Typically, cooling degree days are calculated as how much warmer the mean temperature at a location is than 65°F on a given day. For example, if a location experiences a mean temperature of 75°F on a certain day, there were 10 CDD that day because 75 - 65 = 10, according to the National Weather Service.

What is mean sky cover? Mean sky cover reflects the approximate amount that the sky is covered with clouds. This is measures from sunrise to sunset, on a scale of 0 to 10.

What is an Index Score? An "Index Score" for an area is compared to the national average of 100. A score of 200 indicates twice the national average, while 50 indicates half the national average. Note: A higher Weather Index score represents better overall weather (higher number good). A higher Hail, Hurricane or Tornado Index means the chance of that weather event is higher (higher number bad).

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Ethnicity

What is the difference between race and ethnicity? According to the U.S. Census Bureau, race and ethnicity are considered two separate and distinct identities. Hispanic or Latino origin is asked as a separate question and categorized under ethnicity. In addition to their race and/or races, all respondents are categorized by one of two ethnicities, which are Hispanic and Non-Hispanic.

What nationalities are considered Hispanic? According to the U.S. Census Bureau, people of Hispanic origin, were those who indicated that their origin was Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American or some other Hispanic origin. It should be noted that people of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Household

What is a family household? A family household is a household maintained by a householder who is in a family, and includes any unrelated people (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary individuals) who may be residing there.

What is a married family household? A married family household consists of a married householder and one or more other persons living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage or adoption.

What is an other family household? An other family household consists of a householder and one or more other persons living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth or adoption. These households may have a Male Householder with No Wife Present and/or Female Householder with No Husband Present.

What is a non-family household? A non-family household consists of a householder living alone (a one-person household) or where the householder shares the home exclusively with people to whom he/she is not related.

What is included in occupied units data? Housing units that are Owner Occupied or Renter Occupied.

What is included in vacant units data? Housing units that are For Sale and Vacant, For Rent and Vacant, Seasonal and Vacant and Other.

What is considered Household Income? Data on consumer income collected by the Census Bureau covers money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of non-cash benefits, such as food stamps, health benefits, rent-free housing, and goods produced and consumed on a farm.

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Employment

What is the source for Employment data? The workforce breakdown is derived from data, published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

What is white collar employment? White collar employees perform tasks that are considered less physically laborious.

What is blue collar employment? Blue collar employees perform tasks that are manual, technical labor or are in technical maintenance trade.

What is NAICS? NAICS is the standard used by Federal statistical agencies in classifying business establishments for the purpose of collecting, analyzing and publishing statistical data related to the U.S. business economy.

Consumer

What is included in the Consumer Price Index (CPI)? The current Consumer Price Index is created by comparing current values to the average from 1982 through 1984. A value of 175 would indicate 75% inflation from that time. A value of 90 would indicate 10% deflation.

What is consumer expenditure data? Consumer Expenditure data originates from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of the Census. This data is obtained, analyzed, and then estimated down to the Block Group level. There are two parts to the Consumer Expenditure survey. Part one is a diary in which respondents document purchases for two weeks. Part two is is an interview survey which is conducted quarterly for five quarters. Approximately 95% of all expenditures are included in the interview survey and includes large expenditures such as cars, property, major appliances, rent, utilities, etc.

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Information is deemed reliable but not guaranteed.